ART has not always been what we think it is today. An object regarded as Art today may not have been perceived as such when it was first made, nor was the person who made it necessarily regarded as an artist. Both the notion of "art" and the idea of the "artist" are relatively modern terms.
An abstract painting does not have a recognizable subject. It is a form of art that does not try to look like something. Instead, the subject of an abstract painting is its color, form, and certain features. In other words, abstract art paintings get rid of the monotonous realism.A significant reason why abstract art is different from realism is that abstract painting is more fluid. An example of which is the work of Kandinsky. An abstract painting is also geometric. Mondrian's abstracts works are a good example of this description.Many artists consider Pablo Picasso as the pioneer in abstract painting. He paved the way for a transition from the usual figurative painting to abstract painting. Along with George Braque, Picasso founded a new mode of image representation called Cubism. The main notion of Cubism is that the essence of an object can only be captured by simultaneously showing it from multiple points of view.Abstract art is mostly associated with paintings which represent things that are not visual, such as emotion, sound, or spiritual experience. Aside from that, abstract painting is also classified with figurative abstractions or reality simplifications in which detail is eliminated from recognizable objects leaving only the essence or some degree of recognizable form.Abstract art painting also gained more relevance with the advent of synthetic cubism and analytical cubism. In synthetic cubism, the artist uses strong colors and decorative shapes to dismantle an object and reassemble or "synthesize" its essential structural lines. Analytic cubists on the other hand reduced natural forms to their basic geometric parts and then tried to reconcile these essentially three-dimensional parts with the two-dimensional picture plane. Color was greatly subdued, and paintings were nearly monochromatic. The leading cubists, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque initiated the movement. However Piet Mondrian and other artists pioneered from 1914 onwards the first non-figurative paintings or pure abstract art which are also collectively a form of cubist painting.Abstract Expressionism, which emerged in the 1940s, used the concepts of expressionism to abstract painting. Abstract expressionism was a painting movement in which artists normally applied paint rapidly, and with force to their huge canvases to show feelings and emotions. It is done through painting gesturally, non-geometrically, sometimes applying paint with large brushes, sometimes dripping or even throwing it onto canvas. The work of its followers is characterized by a strong dependence on what appears to be accident and chance, but which is actually highly planned. Some abstract expressionist artists were concerned with adopting a peaceful and magical approach to a purely abstract image. Most of the times, there was no effort to depict subject matter. Not all work was abstract, nor was all work expressive, but it was generally believed that the artists' spontaneity approach to their work would draw from and release the creativity of their unconscious minds. Such an expressive method of painting as this was widely considered as essential as the painting itself.Basically an abstract art painting does not depict any figurative reality. Instead, it represents real forms in a reduced or simplified way. The creation of an allusion or suggestion to a real subject is its main principle.